Fun Facts for Friday, December 6, 2013
The 340 day of the year
25 days left in the year
THIS WEEK IS
- Clerc-Gallaudet Week
- Cookie Cutter Week
- International Coelenterate Biology Week
- National Handwashing Awareness Week
- Recipe Greetings For The Holidays Week
- Tolerance Week
- National Gazpacho Day
- Microwave Oven Day
- Miners' Day
- National Pawnbrokers Day
- National Salesperson Day
- St. Nicholas Day
- Faux Fur Friday
ON THIS DATE...
1768: the first edition of the Encyclopedia Brittanica was published in Scotland.
1790: The U.S. Congress moved from New York to Philadelphia.
1849: Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in Maryland.
1865: the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, abolishing slavery.
1873: America’s first international football (soccer) game was played in New Haven, CT. Yale defeated Eton (England) 2-1.
1876: Jack McCall was convicted of murdering Wild Bill Hickok.
1877: Thomas Edison demonstrated the first sound recording, reciting "Mary had a Little Lamb."
1883: the "Ladies Home Journal" was published for the first time. The magazine's paid circulation is now over five-million.
1902: The 8¢ Martha Washington stamp was issued this day. The stamp was the first U.S. definitive or commemorative stamp to feature a woman.
1923: President Calvin Coolidge's address to a joint session of Congress became the first presidential address broadcast on radio.
1947: Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated by President Harry S Truman. In the President’s words, “Here are no lofty peaks seeking the sky, no mighty glaciers or rushing streams wearing away the uplifted land. Here is land, tranquil in its quiet beauty, serving not as the source of water, but as the last receiver of it. To its natural abundance we owe the spectacular plant and animal life that distinguishes this place from all others in our country.”
1950: "America's Sweetheart" Shirley Temple married businessman Charles Black.
1955: Baseball Hall-of-Famer Honus Wagner died at the age of 81. 1960: Domino's Pizza was founded by Thomas Monaghan.
1960: opera star Eileen Farrell made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
1969: singer Cab Calloway made his acting debut in the "Hallmark Hall-of-Fame" presentation of "The Littlest Angel."
1969: Steam topped the pop singles chart with "Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye."
1969: Hell's Angels security guards stabbed to death 18-year-old Meredith Hunter right in front of the main stage of the Rolling Stones' Alamont Speedway concert in Livermore, California. Hunter was said to have been pointing a gun a Stones frontman Mick Jagger.
1973: Following the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, House Speaker Gerald Ford became the U.S.’s first appointed Vice President. Later, he became the nation’s first non-elected President upon the resignation of Richard Nixon.
1975: Senator Bob Dole married Elizabeth Hanford.
1984: Berkeley, California, became the first American city to offer extended "domestic partnership" benefits to gay city employees.
1985: Hall-of-Fame puppeteer Burr Tillstrom died at the age of 68. He was the voice of all the puppets on the show "Kukla, Fran and Ollie."
1985: musician John Cougar Mellencamp told 24-thousand fans at his debut concert in New York, he would refund their tickets after a power outage disrupted the show for 20 minutes.
1986: Peter Cetera and Amy Grant topped the pop singles chart with "The Next Time I Fall."
1993: actor Don Ameche died at the age of 85. He starred in several popular films including "Trading Places" and "Cocoon."
1996: Pro Football Hall-of-Famer Pete Rozelle died of brain cancer at the age of 70. He served as the league's commissioner for 29 years, helping to create the Super Bowl.
2006: NASA reveals photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.
2008: after spending almost 28 years in a coma, U.S. heiress Martha "Sunny" von Bulow died at a Manhattan nursing home. Von Bulow's second husband Claus von Bulow was convicted and later acquitted twice of trying to kill her with insulin injections. The story was retold in the 1990 movie "Reversal of Fortune," starring Glenn Close and Jeremy Irons.
2009: rocker Bruce Springsteen was among a group of five artists honored at the 32nd annual Kennedy Center Honors celebration. Other recipients included writer and producer Mel Brooks, jazz musician Dave Brubeck, actor Robert De Niro and mezzo soprano Grace Bumbry. President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama helped salute the honorees for their contributions to the arts.
13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery (Taken from Link and Link)
On this day in 1865, the U.S. House of Representatives passes the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery in America. The amendment read, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude...shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
When the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln's professed goal was the restoration of the Union. But early in the war, the Union began keeping escaped slaves rather than returning them to their owners, so slavery essentially ended wherever the Union army was victorious. In September 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in areas that were still in rebellion against the Union. This measure opened the issue of what to do about slavery in border states that had not seceded or in areas that had been captured by the Union before the proclamation.
In 1864, an amendment abolishing slavery passed the U.S. Senate but died in the House as Democrats rallied in the name of states' rights. The election of 1864 brought Lincoln back to the White House along with significant Republican majorities in both houses, so it appeared the amendment was headed for passage when the new Congress convened in March 1865. Lincoln preferred that the amendment receive bipartisan support--some Democrats indicated support for the measure, but many still resisted. The amendment passed 119 to 56, seven votes above the necessary two-thirds majority. Several Democrats abstained, but the 13th Amendment was sent to the states for ratification, which came in December 1865. With the passage of the amendment, the institution that had indelibly shaped American history was eradicated.
WORD FOR THE DAY
divagate \DAHY-vuh-geyt\, verb:
1. To wander; stray.
2. To digress in speech.
This tendency to explore, to divagate, means that I sometimes take a long time to get where I intended to go.
INTRIGUING BIBLE FACT
Although, in modern times, we put a great deal of emphasis on Christmas--or the birth of Jesus, two of the gospels, Mark and John, do not even mention Christ's birth.
WORD FROM THE WORD
[The Lord] crowns you with lovingkindness and tender mercies. —Psalm 103:4
Read today's "Our Daily Bread"